In 1215 the Magna Carta challenged the right of kings and established the concept of individual rights. Forest related matters were omitted in latter issues of the Magna Carta and reinstated by The Charter of the Forest in 1217, early in the reign of Henry III, as a supplement to Magna Carta. It was confirmed by him in 1225. The Confirmation Cartarum of 1297 reaffirmed that the Magna Carta may be pleaded as the Common Law before a court.
The Iroquois Constitution was the first known political agreement among peoples of the "New World." According to researchers, it originated somewhere between 1390 and 1500 AD.
The Mayflower Compact of 1620 was the first political agreement among the English settlers of the New World. As the colonies multiplied, confederations of colonies or companies established Public States or Commonwealths with documents like the Fundamental Orders of 1639, which defines the Laws, Rules, Orders and Decrees of colonies in the vicinity of the River of Connectecotte.
Of course the English Bill of Rights, John Locke, Edward Coke and many other authors influenced Thomas Paine and the founders, but their works are not yet available here.
The Report to King George by Edmond Burke described Americans as too well informed, suspicious and stubborn to be easily be fooled or bribed, unlike Americans since the widespread availability of government (AKA Public) schools.
Alexander Hamilton defended the legitimacy of the American Revolution against loyalist clergyman Samuel Seabury’s criticisms in an exchange of pamphlets in 1774.
To bridge the gap between suspended English law and the first Continental Congress were the Articles of Association and the Charlotte Town Resolves were established in Mecklenburg County, North Carolina on May 31, 1775.
The Declaration and Resolves of the first Continental Congress delineated colonial complaints about the behaviour of England. On 6 July 1775 the Second Continental Congress described in the Declaration of the Causes and Necessity of Taking Up Arms the historical relationship between England American colonies and its eleven year decline concluding with the skirmishes at Lexington and Concord, and the rationale for resisting English regulations with force. Adopted unanimously 12 June 1776 by the Virginia Convention of Delegates, the Virginia Declaration was the precursor for the 4 July 1776, Declaration of Independence, which declared the inherent right to life, liberty and property of each individual and their independence from England had Greek origins.
On 15 November 1777, the colonies agreed on the Articles of Confederation, which established a lose confederation of sovereign states. The Paris Peace Treaty was enacted in 1783. The Price the Founders Paid for U.S.A. independence.
Defects in the Articles of Confederation were addressed in the Annapolis Convention in the State of Maryland, which lead to a Constitutional Convention on 14 September 1786. On July 13, 1787, the Northwest Ordinance was enacted. With his "On The Faults of The Constitution" speech, Benjamin Franklin convinced the Constitutional Convention of 1787 to set aside their doubts and differences and adopt the Constitution for the United States (how to get accurate copy). On September 17, 1787 the letter of transmittal of the Constitution to the States was issued.
The Federalists and Anti-Federalists debated the merits of a federal government in a series of newspaper articles known as the Federalist Papers and the Anti-Federalist Papers. (These are being linked so you can experience the dialog.) Alexander Hamilton appealed for ratification at the Constitutional Convention of New York,. On June 6, 1788, James Madison appealed for ratification at the Virginia Constitutional Convention. The Federalists won the argument, and the Constitution was conditionally ratified upon the inclusion of a Bill of Rights. The original first and second amendments authored by James Madison were not among the first ten ratified.
Many Federalists argued that a Bill of Rights was superfluous, because the Constitution defined what the federal government could do. All else was prohibited. They feared that a Bill of Rights would eventually be construed as rights granted by the federal government to individuals, i.e. civil rights rather than inherent rights, and the Constitution would no longer be construed as limiting. ...They were correct. Politicized supreme court justices ignored the Constitution or perverted its interpretation, and allowed the federal government to grow well beyond its Constitutional limits, and compromise our inherent rights as delineated in the Bill of Rights.
Second amendment history.
Subsequent amendments generally nullified the intent of the founders.
The Proclamation of Neutrality, 1793 by President George Washington formalized the free trade with all nations, and entangling alliances with none as foreign policy philosophy of the U.S.A. The 1795 Treaty of Greenville made peace with many Indian tribes. The 1796 Treaty of Tripoli officially ended attacks by Barbary pirates on U.S.A. ships. Thomas Jefferson gave his first inaugural address on 4 March 1801. President Monroe establishes his doctrine of dominion over the Americas on 2 December 1823. David Crocket described to Congress his education on the original intent of government from a constituent. President Jackson
Two 13th amendments preceded the current one. The first has been interpreted to deny sovereign immunity to government officials and deny Citizenship and government positions to attorneys who are members of the American Bar Association, which was founded by the International Bar Association. It was ratified, and never repealed. The second one denied any Amendment that would interfere with slavery, but it was not ratified before the War of Separation (Civil War). The third was ratified while the southern States were under Martial Law, and governed by Republican legislators who ran without opposition in a region when most whites were not allowed to vote. Information about the 14th Amendment fraud is at here.
The nationalist Federalists or Hamiltonians got their first national bank in 1791 despite the efforts of the Jeffersonians. They lost their high tariff to Jackson with his Proclamation Regarding Nullification on December 10, 1832. This battle between those advocating a strong central government and those advocating a distributed government (federalism) raged for 77 years, and gradually became geographic as the northern Sates won and lost tariff increases to subsidize mercantilists at the expense of the southern States whose largely agrarian economy was obliged to buy goods from England as payment for slaves. The southern States threatened secession from the union three times over the tariff issue. Even New York threatened secession over high tariffs.
Lincoln, though irreligious studied preaching and straddled the slavery issue to become politically successful. After twenty years of frustration by southern Democrats as a Representative and Senator, Lincoln won the presidency. He wasted no time imposing high tariffs, which predictably engendered another threat of secession from the southern States, and motivated them to declare their ports duty-free. Lincoln proclaimed that he did not care if the southern States remained slave States, but that he would collect the tariffs even if the southern States seceded, and proceeded to reinforce all the federal forts controlling the commerce of the southern ports. That is what motived the southern States to threaten Fort Sumpter in Charlston Harbor.
Federalism was destroyed by Lincoln when he used a false flag event to induce the Confederacy to attack Fort Sumpter in order to incite the northern States to attack the southern agrarian States, and impose by force the "American System" of mercantilism protected by high tariffs and the military, a strong national government and a central bank. The Confederate Constitution is one to be envied. Lincoln was a vindictive tyrant who ravaged the southern States as punishment of the southern Democrats.
The Whig agenda was further advanced in 1913 with the enactment of the Federal Reserve Act, Revenue Act (income tax), 16th Amendment and 17th Amendment as preparation for WWI for which a false flag was used to induce Americans to attack Germany before it could negotiate a truce with France and England. The 16th Amendment destroyed the principle of taxation without representation by removing the population proportionality requirement, and thereby enabling the politics of envy. The 17th Amendment destroyed the primary impediment to federal spending: senators elected from and by State legislators, who would certainly not re-elect a Senator who required his constituents to increase State taxes to pay for more federal spending. The 17th Amendment effectively converted Senators into glorified Representatives clamoring for more federal spending.
The excesses of mercantilism engendered hatred and envy, but instead of eliminating mercantilism, social advocates sought a cut of the subsidies and preferential treatment. America developed the mentality of the French during the French Revolution, which was unsuccessfully challenged by Frederic Bastiat and others.
Hoover and FDR advanced Socialism as an adjunct to the American System. FDR proclaimed the United States of America to be a Democracy rather than a Republic, and made it so by way of a false flag. The vestiges of the Constitution were reinterpreted from its obvious original intent to be meaningless when it became a "living document." Thus ended the United States of America. It is no coincidence that Lincoln, Wilson and FDR are among the most revered by government schools.